Economics Matters

Because the world is ruled by little else

Ludwig Von Mises

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Yesterday (September 29th ) was Ludwig Von Mises’s birthday. The man whose guiding principle in life was – “Tu ne cede malis sed contra audentior ito” . Translated, this means

Do not give in to evil but proceed ever more boldly against it

In my opinion he was the most honest man to have walked the earth in a long long time. When he revived the Austrian school of economics and patiently explained the reason why markets and only markets can bring prosperity and happiness, his ideas were brushed away as out-dated by his contemporaries, who were drunk with Socialism. When the mighty evil empire came crumbling down in the nineties, Mises was finally proved right. He had conclusively demonstrated fifty years earlier that Socialism was an impossibility and would only result in poverty, starvation, slavery and death whenever and wherever it is tried. Even some prominent socialists admitted that Mises had been right all along.

Personally too Mises was a gem of a human being. Though an ardent advocate of Capitalism and prosperity, he had little material profit in life. No university was willing to open it’s doors to him, for fear of being targeted by the vindictive socialist intellectuals.  While he advocated classical liberalism and tolerance in social matters, in private life he was a deeply conservative man. He married just once and lived a content life with his wife till his last breath.  His wife recounts an anecdote in her bio-graphy of him, which tells us a lot about his deeply compassionate nature. Mises who fought the violent labour union ideas that were being promoted at the time, once refused to change his ageing secretary when she could no longer efficiently work. He said that if he removed her, she would find it tough to make ends meet and said he could manage with her.  Contrast this with the great friends of the labourers in the Soviet Union, who mercilessly massacred the very same laborers who trusted them. Mises would not compromise his beliefs at any cost. Once he stormed out of a meeting of economists who were discussing various methods of collecting income tax, declaring that they were all a “Bunch of Socialists”.

Even today Mises’s contribution is rarely acknowledged. Today the mainstream media and academic establishment occasionally come down from their throne and acknowledge the Austrian school’s remarkable ability to explain so many things that confounds the Ivy league schooled economists. But even then they only mention F A Hayek’s name. F A Hayek was Mises’s student, who brilliantly expanded Mises’s business cycle theory and even got the Nobel for it. But Hayek was soft towards his opponents. He attributed all their crimes against humanity to just intellectual mis-judgement. But Mises was more forthcoming and would call a spade a spade. He never had kind words for the Socialists. That’s probably why no university will ever mention that such a man walked on the earth and provided us with all the tools necessary to defend civilization from the hands of the Socialist butchers. His magnum opus – “Human Action” is a must-read for every honest man who loves his and his loved ones’ freedom and wants to preserve it. But beware. Mises is a wise old man – like the Bheeshma of our own Mahabharatha. His moral convictions are incorruptible. He would patiently but surely prove to be wrong, all that our collectivist intellectuals teach us. A true teacher does not provide one with fish. He teaches one how to fish. Mises teaches us to think for ourselves. He doesn’t force anything on us. He does not manipulate our emotions. His voice is calm, clear and dis-passionate. At the end we learn what is true and what is false. What is right and what is wrong. But it is a different question what we choose to do with this knowledge, for we have to remember that

Truth will set you free. But it will make you miserable first.

You can read a short bio-graphy of Mises as penned by Rothbard here

And a video on the man he was,

Some quotations of his, that demonstrate his courage, wisdom and integrity

If history could teach us anything, it would be that private property is inextricably linked with civilization.

Once the principle is admitted that it is the duty of the government to protect the individual against his own foolishness, no serious objections can be advanced against further encroachments

The common man is the sovereign consumer whose buying or abstention from buying ultimately determines what should be produced and in what quantity and quality

It is irrelevant to the entrepreneur, as the servant of the consumers, whether the wishes and wants of the consumers are wise or unwise, moral or immoral. He produces what the consumers want. In this sense he is amoral. He manufactures whiskey and guns just as he produces food and clothing. It is not his task to teach reason to the sovereign consumers. Should one entrepreneur, for ethical reasons of his own, refuse to manufacture whiskey, other entrepreneurs would do so as long as whiskey is wanted and bought. It is not because we have distilleries that people drink whiskey; it is because people like to drink whiskey that we have distilleries. One may deplore this. But it is not up to the entrepreneurs to improve mankind morally. And they are not to be blamed if those whose duty this is have failed to do so.

Freedom is indivisible. He who has not the faculty to choose among various brands of canned food or soap, is also deprived of the power to choose between various political parties and programs and to elect the officeholders. He is no longer a man; he becomes a pawn in the hands of the supreme social engineer.

A man who chooses between drinking a glass of milk and a glass of a solution of potassium cyanide does not choose between two beverages; he chooses between life and death. A society that chooses between capitalism and socialism does not choose between two social systems; it chooses between social cooperation and the disintegration of society. Socialism is not an alternative to capitalism; it is an alternative to any system under which men can live as human beings

There is no means of avoiding the final collapse of a boom brought about by credit expansion. The alternative is only whether the crisis should come sooner as a result of a voluntary abandonment of further credit expansion, or later as a final total catastrophe of the currency involved.

Fascism can triumph today because universal indignation at the infamies committed by the socialists and communists has obtained for it the sympathies of wide circles. But when the fresh impression of the crimes of the Bolsheviks has paled, the socialist programm will once again exercise its power of attraction on the masses. For Fascism does nothing to combat it except to suppress socialist ideas and to persecute the people who spread them. If it wanted to really combat socialism, it would have to oppose it with ideas. There is, however, only one [emphasis in original] idea that can be effectively opposed to socialism, viz., that of liberalism. It cannot be denied that Fascism and similar movements aiming at the establishment of dictatorships are full of the best intentions and that their intervention has, for the moment, saved European civilization. The merit that Fascism has thereby won for itself will live on eternally in history. But though its policy has brought salvation for the moment, it is not of the kind which could promise continued success. Fascism was an emergency makeshift. To view it as something more would be a fatal error*


I included the last quote specifically because that is one and the only quote that can be used against Mises. When the Socialists can no longer pretend that Mises did not exist, they resort to slinging mud that he was sympathetic to Fascism. This is his quote that they use to support their accusation. Nothing can be farther from truth. The above quote has to be specifically understood in context. What Mises says is true and was the prevalent view in Europe then. Lenin and Stalin had massacred millions of Russians in their labour camps and were openly threatening the free countries. The spectre of communism was definitely haunting Europe as Marx had black-mailed. That is why the western nations adopted a policy of appeasement towards Hitler, hoping that he will contain the onslaught of Communists. But it proved to be a jump from the fire to the frying pan. Mises was talking about this prevalent view only and rightly pointed out that Fascism will not prevent the spread of Communism. He then proceeded to demonstrate in his works that Fascism was also Socialism in disguise only.  Infact the Nazis and the Fascists themselves acknowledged that Mises was their enemy. When Hitler’s army invaded Austria, the Nazis stormed Mises’s residence to arrest him. as they were irritated by his ideas of liberty. Fortunately Mises had already escaped to freedom. And not surprisingly the Russians also wanted Mises and his works in their hands. When it came to destroying freedom, Fascism and Communism joined hands.

Written by Surya

September 29, 2010 at 9:15 pm

Posted in Economics, Liberty

One Response

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  1. hey, i see we share a lot of common liberal positions. are you involved with any liberal group in bangalore? or will be you be interested join/create one here?



    October 8, 2010 at 9:14 am

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